Tuesday, March 31, 2015

How Deep Learning Will Change Every Aspect Of Our Modern World -- Very Soon

The concept of artificial intelligence is nothing new -- it has been around in popular culture for decades now. Hollywood seemingly makes a movie every couple of years or so around the concept of technology superseding human capabilities, often leading to dystopian futures in which we are taken over by our own creation. However, until the recent explosion in the field of Big Data and data analytics, combined with the constant increased computing power that is allowed from Moore's Law each year, artificial intelligence has been in the realm of science fiction.

Today, deep learning already exists, and all of the megacorps. in technology (i.e. Google, Microsoft, Apple) are all vying for the most qualified and experienced scientists involved in the field of machine learning, and they are buying them all up. IBM has already created their supercomputer Watson, which has already been shown to have the capability to surpass human capabilities in games which we had traditionally believed that they would not be able to, such as Jeopardy and chess. In the 1960's this was made possible by an individual who sought to teach a computer to beat him in chess. Instead of using the traditional method in which we code computers, however, which is by inputting each instruction that we would like the computer to carry out, he instead chose to have the computer learn the game on its own, in the same way that a human would learn to become good at chess. So he ran thousands and thousands of simulated games in order to allow the computer to learn, and it did exactly that, and it was not long before it began to beat him very easily. This was the first instance of the field of machine learning. This technology was created in the 1960's, though, so why should we expect anything to really drastically and quickly change in the realm of artificial intelligence?

Google has been the first company to really utilize this process of machine learning on a much larger scale than ever before. They created a sophisticated computer algorithm which is able to interpret and understand various different things using data alone, and it can categorize and organize them in an efficient manner, similar to how a human would be able to. This is fundamentally different than the method in which we have traditionally thought about programming computers; rather than input each task that we need the computer to perform, we are instead allowing it to analyze the data itself and allow it to use that to generate its own interpretation and understanding of what it is being asked to do. Therefore, no longer are we coding the computer to do specific things, we are just inputting large volumes of data, and allowing it to then in turn formulate its own understanding of how it should make sense of the material. And already today we are exposed to the byproducts of machine learning on an almost daily basis in the form of personalized recommendations and advertising based on data from your online footprint. For example, about a year ago I was searching for a certain type of basketball shoe on eBay, and consequently, the computer began to feed me advertisements for that exact same shoe anytime I logged into Facebook. Eery.

The difference between the present day and the 1960's, when machine learning was first conceptualized, is that now all of the other tools that are necessary to advance the technology exponentially have been improved and refined over the years. This improvement and refinement of our understanding comes from many different fields: data, brain imaging and understanding of neural networks, and increased capabilities of processing components of computers. All of these things combined have enabled companies like Google to use sophisticated algorithms to interpret their large databases in a way that is similar to the functioning of how the human brain learns. 

This has enabled computers to now think. Think about that for a second. Computers already can think. To illustrate this and its infinite potential applications, IBM's Watson supercomputer has already begun reading and analyzing hundreds of thousands of published scientific papers. This is something that would take even the most capable humans an extremely long and tedious process. Even more shocking, Watson, after reading all of these papers, it was able to create new innovations and theories once it had interpreted the database. And 99% of the theories that it had produced, after we studied them a bit, were absolutely correct. It actually even determined that, in cancerous cells, the cell that is cancerous is not the only important cause of the cancer itself. It found that the surrounding cells were critical in determining whether or not the cancer became activated or not. 

It only gets worse. Computers now can even see better than the human eye. In 2011, the first algorithm was demonstrated in a competition to be able to recognize traffic signs twice as accurately as a human. And the capabilities are constantly increasing with each passing day. In 2014, computers are down to a 6% image error rate in recognizing all types of different images on the web. This is much less than humans, and is able to analyze data at a rate infinitely faster than a human could.

Oh, it can also interpret and understand previously conceived to be extremely sophisticated components of knowledge -- complex sentences, even abstract things like humor, are now able to be understood at nearly human capacity, thanks to a Stanford algorithm.

As you can realistically expect, they can also write. It has been shown that a computer can take random images from the web, and it can describe exactly the content of those pictures in a coherent and understandable way, allowing for the labeling previously unlabeled data.

The Implications of This Technology's Future Impact

In a different post, I had mentioned an idea that Ray Kurzweil had pointed out in one of his speeches -- that we should not be apprehensive of technology displacing human jobs, because, as he noted, history is full of examples in which there have been similar concerns of technology altering economic fluidity, and each time there have been new opportunities for work that come out of these breakthroughs in which we did not previously conceive.

However, it is increasingly becoming my understanding that this change may be fundamentally different than those in the past, and there may be valid cause for concern. In the TED talk given by Jeremy Howard (link below), he shows a graph which displays countries in which the labor force is primarily service-oriented. Among many other developed countries, the United States is one of the countries in which our workforce is composed of over 80% of individuals provide a service. Services are also exactly the same areas that computers have just learned how to do more effectively and efficiently than humans. Not only that, but while human performance grows very slowly and gradually, deep learning grows at an exponential rate. And their rate only increases, as computers become more intelligent and capable, they will only be able to build and create even better and more capable computers.

We have successfully created a species which is superior to us in every aspect. Now is the time to think about how we are going to shift our perceptions of society and economy in order to adapt to this impending change, and we must begin planning a course of action in order to allow for a smooth transition. Time is the only true limiting factor.

Change is inevitable and constant, but in no way does that mean that preparation for it is not essential -- because it is.

Larry Page -- "Where's Google going next?" 

Jeremy Howard: The wonderful and terrifying implications of computers that can learn

Saturday, March 28, 2015

On The Inherent Flaws In Our Industrialization Of Higher-Education

In my article entitled "Noah Chomsky's Thoughts On Capitalism", I outlined a few of the inherent problems with our current system of what I refer to as "extreme capitalism" -- capitalism that excessively extends itself to aspects of society whose purpose is a direct conflict of interest with the purpose of capitalism -- and I attempted to make the argument that we must reform these societal necessities, assuming we actually care about the continued strength and vigor of the future of our nation.

Disclaimer for intense Republics or anyone who is hesitant and/or apprehensive of any conception of reforming policy: it is my firm belief that altering these institutions and modernizing them would not at all inhibit their ability to also generate economic productivity, and I may even go so far as to say that it would potentially allow for their eventual growth beyond their current levels (which I will explain using an anecdotal modern-day example later). And even further, while it is nearly impossible to quantify (though I have faith that Google has at least tried), when the general populace feels optimistic and contented with the policies that govern them, there is a social benefit that can be felt by everyone in all aspects of daily life. It doesn't take long living in Chicago to keenly understand that this is an especially true statement. 

While reading a recent article in the NY-Times entitled "'Where You Go Is Not Who You’ll Be’ and ‘The End of College’", this idea was once again brought to my attention. We have to figure out an alternative to our current method of higher education through reform. Without government intervention, however, this will not be possible, due to the inherent nature of the way the system is currently designed and operating. In its conception, higher education has served an incredibly beneficial role and can be very reasonably attributed to the strength of our nation as a whole, as it has led to countless innovations and untold financial output. This has worked nearly perfectly throughout the entire history of university in this nation -- which is evident in the idea that Harvard's historic renown and prestige has remained since it was established in 1636 as the first university of America. The idea that the brightest and most capable individuals of our nation are all concentrated in one location, that those individuals are then able to improve their wisdom and refine their abilities, go onto achieve financial success in industries which they have been trained, and eventually donate some of their earnings back to the university, has been brilliant. Historically. 

Presently, all of these things have become simply ideals, and the processes of each of them over time have become fatally flawed. And in the age of micro-analyzing Big Data, it seems almost inevitable that all of these processes have become less practical and more bottom-line. Allow me to explain a little further about my reasoning behind how the modern world has adversely impacted higher education. 

From a student perspective, there is a tremendously overwhelming amount of pressure on them regarding nearly every aspect of attending university. They must consider so many things, which perceivably could significantly impact their entire lives. Choosing a school, making sure that it is credible or looking for "brand names", considering the financial impact, living and eating situations, choosing a major, determining their career path, making sure their grades are up to par, finding a job, taking placement exams, landing an internship, joining clubs or activities, involvement with Greek life, among many other, more everyday concerns (i.e. social interactions, friends, hobbies, etc.). Simply writing that list is enough to induce a mild aneurysm. How can students prioritize and focus on the ultimate goal of higher education -- gaining knowledge -- when there are so, so many other things on their plate at one time? The fairly obvious answer is that many of them are unable to. Instead, they are stretched thin over their many different obligations, leaving them without much time for prioritizing the supposed purpose of the institution in the first place: gaining knowledge. After all, who gives a $%#& about knowledge, there's no section for that on your resume. But there is for all those programs that you consumed all of your time concerning yourself with, so congratulations, you have officially paid ~100k+, in order to learn how to receive instruction, fill in some bubbles, half-heartedly attempt to align your self-identity with some organization that in reality you likely do not care much about at all, and then write down that you did that thing on your resume. You also learned how to be stressed the $%$% out, which will be a useful tool once you are thrust out into the real-world with your piece of paper signifying your "knowledge", of which you likely actually have very little. 

As universities are intended to generate profit, the impracticality and paradoxical nature of their application extends also to the perspective of their professors and institution itself. Universities all compete for governmental funding and assistance, which is provided to them based on certain different metrics which they combine in order to determine the proper amount. Therefore, due to the nature of how the process is set up, they understandably are forced to cater to these various metrics, in order to receive much needed federal resources in the form of grant money. The problem is that, in doing so, they are dedicating their resources and effort into refining minute numbers, which is neither beneficial for their students or for society, simply for the sake of receiving funding. The consequences of doing so inhibit the ability of the universities to function effectively, efficiently, and any sort of innovative way. It directly impedes their ability to accomplish what is, in theory at least, their intended purpose: fostering innovation, productivity, & understanding. This is evident when attempting to put into perspective the role of professors in this modern form of higher education. First, it is important to understand that universities which receive the most government funding are institutions which produce the greatest amount of published research papers per professor. This has led to what some of my professors have referred to as the phenomena of "publish or perish" sentiment amongst university professors, particularly those at institutions of merit. This phrase is intended to highlight the pressure that is put onto professors to constantly churn out research papers, or consequently find a new career. Individuals who are content with their own ability to have succeeded in their chosen career may be tempted to argue that this is the natural order of things, and the best professors will be the ones who are able to retain their position, by churning out papers. However, you can not apply that mode of thinking to industries like higher education, which should not be an industry, and is not in many developed European countries (where it is government subsidized). The best professor is, theoretically, an individual who is most apt at engaging their students in learning and investing themselves into the development of their students and their ability to succeed in life, not the individual who can write the most papers.   

From the university perspective, there are also many pressures. They must compete with all other universities for their slice of the grant pie, and resultantly, they must improve their metrics in order to gain a bigger slice, to ensure their own livelihood and sustainability. They must constantly pester their alumni seeking donations, in order to raise more money. They must put pressure onto their professors, to produce as many published research papers as they possibly can given their constrains on faculty sizes and resources availability, in order to attempt to receive even more government funding. They must increase brand recognition, awareness, and credibility, in order to encourage the most capable students to enroll at their institution. They must also comply with the countless different metric systems which attempt to rank and analyze colleges, most notably the U.S. News & World Report Rankings, again to encourage enrollment. Oh, right, they have to teach their students, too. But you can easily see how that ideal quickly becomes an afterthought, as there is no real metric to determine this, and having knowledgable students does not translate quickly enough to meet the financial burdens that they are bound by, and therefore is not necessarily as imperative as fulfilling these other obligations. 

In conclusion, the method which we have chosen in governing higher education is paradoxical, impractical, and every aspect of it has become excessively applied to the point that it is almost wholly flawed in nature. Reform is vital to ensure the sustainability and prosperity of this incredible nation. Instead of blindly continuing on our current trajectory, which will only continue to become increasingly flawed, almost corrupt, we must allow ourselves to stop clinging onto the archaic, bureaucratic, profit-driven conceptions of how higher education should function. We are living in a much different world now, and as we have always done, we must adapt our practices and institutions to fit the contemporary landscape of society. The role of the university in higher education has fulfilled its role effectively for hundreds of years, and while we can admire and respect its historical value, it no longer is effectively serving its purpose in any logical sense. It is simply serving to perpetuate the hierarchical and imbalanced nature of our societal structure and increasing the wealth disparity. As my intent is and always will be to serve the greatest benefit for the most people (utilitarianism ideology), there is no argument which would persuade me to believe that the institution of higher education is permitting this, and as I have pointed out in other articles, this is detrimental for the well being of the entire country. 

I have more than a few proposals which would allow for both the prosperity and financial well being of the nation as well as an increased standard of living for the people, some of which I may explore in-depth in other articles or if requested, but I don't think it would be beneficial for me to list them here. I think that it will suffice to say that, every time that some aspect of our society changes other aspects, we are able to adapt to it, and eventually over time we are able to improve it beyond its previous constraints. Think about the music industry. With the advent of digitalization and mp3 music, people in the industry were in an absolute frenzy, as they believed that this marked their collapse. But that is not what happened. Things simply adapted; now you can purchase individual songs or albums through iTunes, whereas you previously went to the store and grabbed your favorite album. And, tellingly, the industry of music, despite being more digitally widespread and open than ever before, has not collapsed, but rather, it has expanded to even greater levels of profitability than previously possible. 

I will leave this article with recounting the most memorable feedback that I ever received from a professor while attending Loyola University, in my Honors Science and Society class, which was about how our federal government decides to fund scientific research in this country. The professor showed us a graph of some sort, I cannot remember exactly what it was, regarding the governmental contribution amounts to different universities. It may have been regarding lobbying, or something along those lines. In any case, he asked us to analyze and interpret this graph in our own words, upon which I eagerly and emphatically bursted out an idea that had been lingering in my mind for some time, but being a lower-middle class student amongst very upper-middle class, Jesuit private-school conservative majority, I had previously chosen to refrain from saying it: "IT'S A PONZI SCHEME". I will never forget his reaction. He gave me a slight smirk and just sat silent for a moment, allowing my burst to resonate throughout the room, and give the students some time to process the implications of such a statement. After the brief pause, his response was this: "Yes, that is a conclusion that has also been reached by many of those in my intellectual circles." Keep in mind, he is an honors professor conducting research on black holes at a very prestigious institution, so his circles are likely not composed of dull minds. Think about that a bit. 

What happened to moderation? Data is good. Numbers are good. Analysis is good. Capitalism is good. Money is good. Applying any of these to all aspects of society is bad

How-To: Create Your Own Personalized Home Theater/Streaming Media Center Using Kodi (XBMC)

Stream all of the latest movies in an organized media center -- FREE
In a previous post, I had outlined the process of streaming cable TV on your PC, for free. In this post, I will go into further detail about how to go about customizing Kodi with some notable add-ons which will enhance your media center content that is at your disposal.

First of all, if you do not have the Kodi (XBMC) software, click here to follow my step-by-step guide for installation and setup.

Once you have installed the software (including the add-on installer), you're ready to start streaming virtually unlimited free content, whether it be in the form of music, videos, TV, or movies, from a vast array of different third-party sources.

In order to start streaming your favorite content, however, you must first identify and install the channels that are most suited to your interests. In this guide, I will highlight a few of the channels that I have found to be my favorites and that I think would be of interest to many different sorts of people.  These are in no specific order.

1) Open Kodi. Go to videos --> add-ons --> video add-ons --> get more.
2) You are presented with a list of all of the video add-ons that are available for download. Below is the list of add-ons that I have deemed to be most interesting and useful. Based on your own personal preferences that I may have left out, I would still encourage you to skim the entire list of add-ons for yourself, in case I do not share the same niche interest as you.

Best Kodi Video Add-Ons:

For General Use -- Anyone would benefit in some way from installing the following video add-ons.

  • 1Channel
    • This add-on is self-explanatory. It attempts to bring you everything that you would ever need -- in one channel. It has an extensive library complete with documentaries, reality-TV, tons of movies, and tons of regular TV shows. If you could only have one add-on, this may very well be my choice.
  • Phoenix 
    • This channel also has a wide array of content. The most notable aspect of this add-on in my opinion is that it has live TV options which are sorted by their networks, as they would be on a normal TV guide. It also features news videos and videos for children.
  • ProjectFreeTV
    • For anyone who mostly enjoys network TV, this app is an absolute must. It seemingly has every network TV show that airs, and the interface allows you to view shows by date, as well as add a list of your favorite shows, for easy access.
  • Icefilms
    • In the same way that ProjectFreeTV is a must for anyone who mostly enjoys network TV, Icefilms is a necessity for any film buff, as it has the most expansive collection of movies available. 
  • Netflixbmc
    • Allows you to stream your Netflix content in the same location as all of your other media options.
  • USTV
    • If the channels provided by ProjectFreeTv and 1Channel are not enough for you, you could also check out this app for the most comprehensive TV guide available for free.
My Personal Recommendations -- Those who share similar interests may also be interested in checking out these more niche add-ons.

  • ESPN3
    • My biggest disappointment in not having basic cable is the lack of ability to watch ESPN. This app takes care of that. Any sports fans, this is a must have.
  • YouTube
    • Stream YouTube videos.
  • TED Talks
    • View TED talks given by the most intriguing and intelligent individuals as they give speeches on breakthroughs in their field and changes which may alter the way we perceive the world around us.
  • Khan Academy
    • Useful videos for any students or anyone who has to learn difficult concepts in any subject area.
  • VICE
    • Anyone who is not familiar with VICE already, they offer a wide variety of different documentaries that are very interesting and unique in nature. They cover subjects that are often too controversial for mainstream media news outlets, and their content is very, very appealing, to say the least.
  • TMZ
    • If you also enjoy indulging in the occasional guilty pleasure of celebrity gossip and/or you simply enjoy dulling your mind with mindless gossip and ridiculous lifestyle choices, TMZ has got what you desire.

Friday, March 27, 2015

Kickstarter Campaign is Live: Show Your Support and Invest In My Technology Start-Up!

Kickstarter Campaign Link: Lynked
GoFundMe Campaign Link: Lynked

My business is designed to allow the individual consumer to purchase products for a price that is significantly lower than the market value using sophisticated methods to promote the benefit of both the consumer and producers of products. Until the patent for the exact mechanisms that will be employed to accomplish this, the description of the business is deliberately vague. Once the patent process is complete, I will elaborate further on the intricate details, but until then, I am simply asking for your show of faith in investing in an individual who has proven to be unrelenting in accomplishing what I set out to do.

Pledging your faith in my business start-up's potential for growth does not come without benefits. Donations will allow you special promotional opportunities, based on the amount donated. Here are the three tier brackets for donating:

$10 investment: 
Have your name posted on a list of donors on our website that indicates you believed in the conception of this startup from its beginning. Allows you to gain some public recognition, as well as the ability to brag about your prophetic gift, with verifiable proof.

$100 investment: 
Access to our premium membership service for life. This membership will be similar to Amazon Prime's service details. Membership includes: 
--Free expedited shipping
--No company surcharge fees
--Promotional free products
--On-demand 24/7 customer support line
-- Additional benefits yet to be determined
We will show extreme gratitude to those willing to show their faith in our business' growth potential.

Thursday, March 26, 2015

The Dauntless Oracle's "Domain Authority"

Don't believe me? Search any website's domain authority ranking here.

As I just started this website a couple of weeks ago, I'm still in the preliminary stages of developing it into a full-fledged site. While I was in the process of researching the process of gaining website traffic using SEO techniques, I stumbled upon a metric that essentially measures the authority and overall quality of the content and layout of a website. Because of the fact that I have just (very) recently created this site, obviously I was assuming that this metric would show that I have a virtually nonexistent authority as of yet.

So you can understand how shocked I was to see the results of the test: 93. Out of 100 possible. On a logarithmic scale (i.e. it is increasingly more difficult by a power of 10 for each interval; moving from 20 to 30 is much easier than from 80 to 90). 

Just thought I'd share. This is a very encouraging revelation and I am pleased that, at least quantitatively speaking, it is good to have some feedback and know that at least some people are finding this to be interesting and/or helpful in any way. 

Which means that I will definitely continue to expand and grow the content of this site. Subscribe if you'd like updates or notifications to article postings. Or if you don't necessarily want all that, but you still enjoy some of the content or think others would, feel free to share on social media (links in right sidebar)!

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Our Paradoxical Application of Extreme Capitalism & Its Consequences (& insight from Noah Chomsky)

In a previous post, I had mentioned some of the downfalls to our current system of what I would describe as "extreme capitalism". I would define extreme capitalism as the unnecessary and irrational need for every aspect of our society, whether it be things like education or law enforcement, being solely designed to increase profit and eliminate costs. For most industries, this is simply the force of  a free market economy, and that is a very beneficial and beautiful natural process, and works very elegantly, in most cases. 

So please do not interpret my criticisms of our economy as an advocation for communism or any other sort of system, because that's simply not my intention. I do believe that capitalism is the absolute best system of governing modern life; those who need or desire to attain wealth may do so if they are motivated and put in the effort, while those who are more concerned with understanding, examining, and enjoying their short time here are also free to do so.

But that does not mean that every aspect of our society functions most effectively under the guidelines of capitalism, as their intention is in direct conflict with that of capitalism. This is most evident in institutions which are designed to serve a public good, things like: health care, law enforcement, judicial system, etc. In all of these instances, capitalism is a direct impediment to their effective and proper functioning. And it seems as though each day, the "middle-class" American is the one who is left to carry the weight, as each of these various industries slowly but surely nickel-and-dime the populace to death. Health care should absolutely not be the leading cause of bankruptcy in the most financially wealthy nation on Earth, and we should be ashamed that it is. Have we all really become so emotionally numbed by the capitalist ideal that we are willing to allow those around us to die because of it? 

Today, the notion of business ethics has been altogether forgotten, to the extent that The Wolf of Wall Street may seem tame in comparison to what some of these MegaCorps can do. It seems as though the consumer is in direct conflict with the service provider in a sparring match of hidden and implicit fees. But as soon as you click that 'agree' button that you didn't have the time or desire to read anything about, your head is already in their noose, and you are virtually completely at their will. The problem is, everybody today is too constantly pressed for time and have so many obligations to fulfill that nobody has a chance to notice that there is an invisible war between corporations and their walking dollar signs (consumers). Even worse, I think the problem is that people don't even care anymore, and they think that their role is so insignificant somehow, that they cannot have a voice to change the way things are. Millennials and Generation X haven't really had any demonstrations or impact through public and social activism in their recent history, or they simply don't remember the sentiment of those times, but generations before us would absolutely be shocked to witness our complacency with being oppressed so blatantly and thoroughly.

It's as if there is an insatiable need for our government to deplete us of all our worth, when in fact, it would be more beneficial for them in the long run to allow us to retain some loose definition of financial independence. The strength of this nation has ALWAYS resided in the hands of the majority, and that is what really makes it a great place to live, but it seems that this is eroding from under it's very foundation. All of the most prosperous times in our country's history have been marked by the stability and vigor of the middle-class, and their relationship is one of causation; that is, the success of the middle-class sector of Americans in turn allows the nation as a whole to prosper. And, therefore, without that strength, the entire nation consequently suffers.

Allow me to cite and explain further the ways in which I feel that government and private sector are excessively depleting average Americans of their finances. It seems that, being a young, male driver (admittedly who may appear as a "trouble-maker"), I cannot go a month or two without being pulled over for seemingly unknown reasons anymore. So much so that the DOT is, to me, a fairly routine trip that I know I will have to make every so often. And I definitely am not the most cautious driver, I understand that. I get it. That's not the argument that I'm making, I know that there are definitely times that it has been plausible for me to be pulled over. But there's a difference between that, and law enforcement scanning people to identify potential targets of revenue.

"Look, that kid looks like he probably smokes pot, get him!" 

This has also become more and more noticeable with online-based companies, and it is much more discrete and thus harder to find without micro-analyzing all of your transactions. Recently, I've started using eBay more frequently than I have in a while, and combined with PayPal, their virtual monopoly has become very much more adamant about finding every possible loophole available at their disposal to excessively charge you and, in some cases (mine), even withhold all of your funds for 6 months, with absolutely no desire to be compliant in assisting their customers. And because of the way that things are, there are very limited means in place to challenge their supreme authority. This is not an example of the force of the free market, but rather the force of corporate giants levying power and control over the federal government to maintain their dominance. And there is no incentive for either party to have it any other way, because that would relinquish the absolute control that they currently possess. If the government is to have any influence over the free market, they should be providing the means and opportunities for small-businesses to compete with these large established corporations, when in fact the exact opposite is true.

In my (relatively, but nowhere near completely) humble opinion, the modern world is so much vastly different than the archaic foundations that it is currently still operating under. These things have worked, and they have worked very well, for hundreds of years, but at some point, we have to wake up and realize that times have changed drastically, and even though, due to the bureaucratic nature of our institutions, political and economic change is often much slower and calculated than social change, at some point we must inevitably alter our mindset and shift courses if we want to maintain any sense of decent standards of living that we currently enjoy. The problem is, every aspect of the system that is in place is inextricably bound to every other aspect, and altering one facet is the equivalent to removing a Janga piece from the puzzle, as everything else collapses on top of it. But regardless, things must change and will change eventually, so why are we so willingly choosing to remain negligent and go about our days as if there aren't very pivotal decisions that we must face as a species in the near future. Many Asian countries are already being forced to wear surgical masks on a  daily basis in order to cope with the extreme smog caused by pollution, caused by our over-consuming global economy. Is that really the world that we all want to live in?

Anyways, Noah Chomsky had some similar comments to say in a video that I was watching that I found to be fascinating, so I decided that I'd talk about my perspective a bit more. Noah Chomsky, for those who aren't aware, is "an American linguistphilosopher,[21][22] cognitive scientistlogician,[23][24][25] political commentator, social justice activist, and anarcho-syndicalist advocate. Sometimes described as the "father of modern linguistics",[26][27] Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy.[21] He has spent most of his career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he is currently Professor Emeritus, and has authored over 100 books. He has been described as a prominent cultural figure, and was voted the "world's top public intellectual" in a 2005 poll.[28]" (Wikipedia)


15:10 "The Labor Movement has traditionally been at the forefront of progressive social change, and for that reason, and others.. it is under severe attack . . . fierce attack from the business world.. which pretty much runs the country." 

Something to think about, at the very least.

Check out the video below.